Thursday, January 31, 2013

local cars for sale - used cars wanted

Used cars Bucharest (1211)
Used cars White (150)
Used cars Arad (9932)
Used cars Arges (271)
Used cars Bacau (160)
Used cars Bihar (8529)
Used cars Maharashtra (73)
Used cars Botosani (110)
Used cars Braila (89)
Used cars Brasov (290)
Used cars Buzau (127)
Used cars Calarasi (42)
Used cars Caras-Severin (3353)
Used cars Cluj (376)
Used cars Constanta (233)
Used cars Covasna (73)
Used cars Dambovita (138)
Used cars Dolj (169)
Used cars Galati (161)
Used cars Giurgiu (33)
Used cars Florida (149)
Used cars Harghita (71)
Used cars Hunedoara (6536)
Used cars Ialomita (44)
Used cars Iasi (195)
Used cars Ilfov (86)
Used cars Maramures (138)
Used cars Mehedinti (124)
Used cars Mures (269)
Used cars Neamt (84)
Used cars Olt (82)
Used cars Prahova (201)
Used cars Salaj (109)
Used cars Satu-Mare (91)
Used cars Sibiu (171)
Used cars Suceava (141)
Used cars Virginia (108)
Used cars Timis (24160)
Used cars Tulcea (40)
Used cars Valcea (166)
Used cars Vaslui (77)
Used cars Vrancea (69)

Wednesday, January 30, 2013

cars for sale by owner

cars for sale by owner
Vw Polo
cars for sale by owner
Price 3.950 EUR, 17.311 RON, EUR
Used
Type GT - Highline
class hatchback
registered status
Year of manufacture 2002
Mileage 131,000 km
Power 64 hp
Manual gearbox (5 +1)
Capacity 1200 cm3
manual air conditioning
red color
Doors 4/5
Petrol engine
Norma euro euro 4
Consumption 6.00 l
-Previous owners 1
Features cars for sale by owner
Service book, Xenon, central locking, Navigation / GPS, Projector, Radio / CD, Steering wheel adjustment;
safety:
ABS, Airbag, Alarm, Anti-theft, ESP, Immobiliser;
Comfort:
Electric windows, electric mirrors, heated mirrors, Power steering;
Observations
WATER POLO NAVIGATION GT 2002, Sport interior, 4 door, 1.2 petrol 64 hp
-HIGHLINE
- SERVO CITY (power steering)
-Power windows
, And heated mirrors
Navigation 7 "
- CAR FOR ANY PHONE KIT
- USB Input
DVD PLAYER + MP3 player
- INTERIOR GT - RECARO
- RC + CENRAL WITH THIS alarms
- Type in the coupon for wheels 16 "
- Disc brakes front and rear (GT Drive Train)
- Revisions to Say and invoices
-flawless
- 3950 euros negotiable

Saturday, December 8, 2012

A Buyer's Guide appeared new car!

"To buy a new car without reading this is like driving with your eyes closed." - That is modest opinion Clarkson on the Top Gear Buyer's Guide of new cars.  Well, we will not take us ┼čchiopu'-n crutches now say it is not so and that Jeremy exaggerating in any way.

 Buyer's Guide (or - if you want - third edition of the Catalogue of TopGear tests) bring the 228 pages about all cars currently sold in the country, each of them being her for a verdict.  (I used "about" just to not seem boastful.'re All 344, in fact.)

Cover may be causing it that you think of almanacs '80s, but everything else is brand new - including format, which is more airy.  Ie you enough information that you do not need, so that among all those that are really relevant when it comes to make a purchase on four wheels.

 If you're not clear what Buyer's Guide ...  Well, almost everything TopGear knows about cars, from superminis to supercars.  Yes, we know, we used the new "bit".  But, again rightly about ...

Tuesday, November 20, 2012

E28 BMW SUSPENSION AND STEERING

SUSPENSION AND STEERING
The front suspension Achilles heel. If it is in perfect condition, excellent car behaves. But bushings tend to wear out quite quickly and appear vibrations in the steering wheel when braking, especially in the range of speed 100Km / h - 70 km / h Found on the net a lot of material about E28 BMW's suspension and remedial solutions.

Direction is by recirculation ball mechanism. A solution obsolete. Prompt response is less than one direction rack. In addition, over time, get game steering boxes. Although there is a screw off the game, it can not be cancelled completely, especially after turnovers of over 150,000 km. So, think you have to accept less games in direction.

Kinematics chain from the output shaft to rotate the steering box contains not less than 5 arms and 6 bolts (!), However, has a good reliability and pivots (bar ends) from belittle change direction very easy.

The rear suspension is very solid. A possible exception is the sub frame bushings that attach the body (although very hard to replace). Post 1984 models are preferable since they were introduced to the mini-power link connecting the sub frame and suspension arms provide a more rigorous geometry (mini-power link that is present at E34 and E32, so E28 interchangeable). Check the last time they were changed dampers

BRAKES
An E28 has good brakes, but not spectacular. Top of the range models have ABS. Ventilated discs front, solid discs at the rear. The good news is that they can be transformed into spectacular brakes: front brakes (discs hangers through this understanding callipers brake pads) can be obtained without any change in the 7 Series E32 (preferably) or 5 Series E34 and rear brakes from series 5 E34. Note that, if the brakes retrieve E32 / E34, you need rims min. 15 ".

In models with M30 engine, is hydraulically assisted braking circuit. Works perfectly, but when older, make more problems than pneumatically assisted braking. Hydraulic brake booster pressure accumulator depends, to be replaced after approx. 120,000 Km.

Note: versions with hydraulic assisted braking and ABS, when you have the engine running and the car seat, pressing the brake pedal will suddenly find that it is somewhat elastic that it can reach almost to the floor. No matter how strange it may seem, is a normal behaviour. Obviously, provided that there are no leaks brake fluid, or air in the circuit.

Depending on their age and condition of the car, rubber hoses brakes (6 in number) may have been changed.

ELECTRICAL EQUIPMENT
E28 has too few electronic components can be damaged. But it does not bypass the usual electrical problems.

Engines are preferred Medtronic management (get rid of Delco). Top of the range models have ABS.

Failure to reset the service indicator mean you should change the batteries in your dashboard. Pay attention to thorough cleaning of all the fuses and their sockets. Type fuses are old (as the Dacia 1300) and oxidizes quickly. Also, clean the cables that connect the motor to the table. You: negative cable from the battery, the cable that connects the rocker arms cover the bulkhead between engine and passenger compartment, the cable that connects the engine to the chassis right support.

BODY OTHER
The wheel arches have firewall, and water and entrained particles directly Sandblast wheels and wings of the wheel. Although corrosion protection is pretty good, attention to rust in the wheel arches, the ends thresholds, lower doors, around the rear lights under trunk weather-strips.

If the car has wheels TRX (200/60x390 recognize them after encoding type or 220/55x390 the wheel), note that it is practically impossible to find replacement tires. Need to replace the rims and tires 15 ", 16" or 17 ".

For sporty, ideal size is 225/50x16 on wheels E28 7.5 "x16" ET20.

The economy (within a good ride), I recommend 205/60x15 on rims 7 "x15" ET20, taken from an E34/E32.

Columns "B" of the body (of the doors) have a bad habit of cracking even in the place where the catch ceiling. Revolve problem with welding done professionally.

Exhaust dies after about 150,000 km and it is not cheap to replace it, if you use original BMW parts. But the Arabs Colentina cheap and reasonably good parts.

Trunk weather-strip from aging and often let water flow in the trunk. No wonder if you find rust under the seal and around the rear lights.

E28 has two fuel pumps: one auxiliary tank, the main one outside it. The tank breaks down frequently. Car only main pump goes OK, but you might notice overworked and hesitation when the fuel tank is below 1/4.

After buying an E28, I recommend you immediately change all fluids: oil (filter) engine oil, gearbox oil, differential oil (ATF) steering, coolant, brake fluid.

E28 BMW MOTOR and TRANSMISSION

MOTOR

M30 engine (6-cylinder), available on the 525i, 528i, 535i, are the most reliable. If they were properly maintained, you should not consume any oil, even after 300,000 km. Has distribution through chain. Cylinder head needs some help after approx. 500,000 km (seals new valve rectification offices, distribution chain, and so on), but gear can withstand engine block in good condition until at 800,000 Km. Still have antiquated architecture and electronic management is also primitive, with negative effects on power consumption litter of gasoline.

To watch:

- Main problem: camshaft wear. At M30, camshaft lubrication is poor. The smallest problem Circuit lubrication can lead to rapid wear of the cam. Check 12mm bolts attaching the oil platform are properly tightened. Preferably new model with a milling head bolt circle. Check that no pins are worn (not hang nail when they go over the top);

- Like cylinder head gasket changed after approx. 15 .. 18. It does not cost much, but it's laborious. Check the spark plug color. If one (or more) are questionable clean, as would have been in a steam bath, suspected cylinder head gasket problems, or even holes in the cylinder head.

- M30 engine oil should not drink and should not fight. If you see blue smoke in the exhaust is very serious;

- Not worrying if it starts to "Key quarter," but it's not normal to start after more than 3 .. 4 seconds of actuation of the starter;

- Distribution of M30 is noisy. In addition, injectors loony lot. A M30, at idle, it sounds almost Diesel;

- With the engine idling, remove the oil dipstick must cause a noticeable worsening. Otherwise, false means that the engine draw air somewhere;

- Rubber hoses that feed fuel rail must be replaced at about 100,000 km. Check especially rubber hose from the ramp to the cold start injector. This gives the first and, if cracked, can cause a fire;

- M30 engine because of its weight, its supports must be replaced at least every 5 years. Otherwise, you risk becoming too elastic, and the powerful brakes tends to push the radiator fan.

M20 engine (6-cylinder), available on the 520i, 525e, are not as reliable as the M30, but not far from it. Instead, have a more modern design, electronics better and easier to maintain. Recognize them easily by the fact that they cast belt.

To watch:

- Change the belt right after you bought the car, unless you are 100% sure you know when it was changed last time.

M10 engine (4-cylinder) are available on 518 / 518i. Distribution chain. Almost as reliable as the M30 (basically derived from M10 to M30, which were added 2 cylinders).

Given the age engines, change oil filter max. 5000 km (mineral oil / semisynthetic) or 8000 km (synthetic oil), if you want to keep the car. Because engines are designed in the 60's .. 70's internal tolerances are larger and rather more viscous oils.

If you use mineral oil, look for a high quality, 20W50 10W40 in summer and winter. If you use synthetic oil, do not fall below 10W40.

M30 engines feel very good with Castrol RS 10W60 synthetic oil (that's right, very expensive).

TRANSMISSION

Avoid automatic gearbox versions. Automatic transmission on the E28 gives up to 200,000 kilometres.

Sports manual gearbox (those that I step down, then he mated with III and IV to V) have direct and stage V sockets are the most fun to drive, but not crazy about the reliability. Most robust Getrag manual gearbox are 260/6, with direct plug stage IVa and V of overdrive. Recognize them by the fact that they cast clutch housing (Primary) and have longitudinal cooling fins on the bottom of the box.

All boxes Getrag, after 100,000 km, flowing back to the oil seal. Also, all come harder in speed when oil is cold box. Race exchanger is quite long and does not favor rapid changes of speed.

In boxes, just put mineral oil API GL4. GL5 oils contain sulphur and attack synchrony.

Clutches hold well over time. Are actuated hydraulic cylinders so check state master / slave. M30 engines, it is normal for the clutch to require slightly higher down force than a clutch 3 Series E30. There are rare cases in which the support plate clutch master cylinder crack and be welded.

Shaft, especially on models with engines larger than 2.8l, catch couplings game, especially at the rear (the differential). Unfortunately, quality car couplings disappointing, and almost all were playing After 150,000 km, especially on models with powerful engines.

Differentials are strong, but their pads checked. Top of the range models have LSD differential. Differential housings are two types of "small" (has both caps, filling and emptying, back cover) and "large" (filler cap is on the back cover, the drain on the left side). Differential "small" is interchangeable with that of the E30 (just take the back cover and worldwide flanges on the E28) and gives you the opportunity to choose from a wide range of reports. Differential "high" was installed on top of the range model and is less common, so hard to find other reports.

E28 BMW Buyer's Guide RECOMMENDATIONS ON MODELS

RECOMMENDATIONS ON MODELS
518 / 518i - is avoided. Although the motor M10 is as reliable as an M30, power is still too small for an E28 body. Maybe it would be interesting a 518i, the first rear-wheel drive car to a young man who just took driver's license: body gives good protection in case of accident, the engine is lively but not allow excesses. In addition, it is a good platform to learn / practice auto mechanics. However, to avoid carburettor version.

520i and 525e - The ideal choice if you want something powerful, but at a minimum fuel consumption. M20 engine is, in terms of conception and electronics, the most modern available on the E28 (M88 engine except the M5). The 525e engine has good torque, but refuses to be joined - it behaves almost like a diesel. On the other hand, 520i climb nimbly shifts, but provides a lower torque and eat some more.

524d / 524td - avoid. Equipped with M21, the first diesel engine from BMW. Although it is a reliable engine, is far outweighed by the current diesels. Dynamic performance is, again, weak. If you still want necessarily a diesel, set 524td (turbo) 115 hp.

525i - Not bad, but there are better options. Although, 150 hp and equipped with M30 engine, renowned for its reliability, it seems a good choice, it is better to look for a 528i, which has 184 hp, has the same engine (other displacement) and consumes about as much .

528i - The ideal choice if you prefer sporty, but it will not care how much you spend on gas. Although the 2.8l M30 engine has 184 horsepower, up from the 218 hp of the 3.5l M30 engine from the 535i, a compression ratio of 9.3:1 accept unleaded, regular (CO 95). 528i 535i consumes about as much as (just an idea less in town), but the 2.8l engine feels better at higher speeds than the 3.5l.

535i / M535i - top of the range. Do not be fooled by the "M" in the model name M535i. The engines are identical to those in 535i. Settings differ only the suspension (springs, dampers) and kit front bar rear trunk spoiler skirts (known as "M-Tech Kit"). There are two types of engine 3430 cc M30 available: one 218 hp and one 185 hp. The difference resulting from compression ratio: 10:1, or 8:1 (resulting from the use of different pistons: the "hump" and the "dip").

218 hp engine is the most powerful available on the E28, except for M5. However, considering the fact that the compression is not new, run the risk of problems if you do not use gasoline CO 98 or more ($ co yours!).

185 hp version has a catalyst. Low compression ratio allows it to work with any gas. In terms of dynamic 528i is similar, but offers two main advantages: better torque and electronic management Motronic (L-Jetronic from the 528i).


Another interesting aspect: 185CP engine turbo M106 is identical to the E23 7 Series 745i, minus turbo, turbo accessories and sodium cooled exhaust valves. By installing a turbo kit can easily be brought to 300 .. 350 hp (and not recommended to go more than this value, because there is a little touch on the transmission and suspension from the E28).

M5 - Super Car! The first BMW M5 history. M88 3.5l engine and the 286 hp version had a catalytic converter available in the U.S., as S38 and offering 256 hp. S38 engine was further developed and continued the E34 M5, reaching 315 hp, then 340 hp. If you have an E28 M5're one of the lucky owners of BMW in the world. The car is absolutely fabulous. One thing is to remember: engine M88 / S38 is demanding, difficult to maintain and a lot of money.

There is a car for those with tight purse.

Recommendations at a glance:

- 528i, for sportsmanship, but in terms of cost saving gasoline;

- 535i to 218 hp for maximum sportiness (without limitation fuel costs);

- 185 hp 535i, 528i kind, with more torque, and you will be turbo can sometime;

- 525e to low;

- 520i, 525e kind, but something more dynamic;

- M5 perfection (as long as money is not a problem);

- 518i, BMW only in the first position of a young man who has just got his driving license.

Avoid: 518, 524d, 524td.

Technical issues recommendations (for E28 features)

E28 BMW Buyer's Guide PRO and AGAINST

PRO
5 Series E28 is basically the latest generation of the BMW 5 Series designed to provide a sporty family car. Generations of the 5 Series (E34, E39, E60), although continued sporting tradition, but made serious compromises to comfort advantage.

For the "purists" BMW 5 Series E28 is E24 6 Series with the most powerful BMW "shark nose". In terms of spottiness, E28 is even more agile than E24 because the latter is more difficult.

Low weight (about 1250 . 1400 Kg, depending on the model) and allows a better distribution of loads to be more athletic E28 than a E34 and even face some newer BMWs (sure, we refer to engines similar powers). However, it is a bad choice as a track car - an E30 is more suitable.

Behaviour of an E28 road is good, provided that the suspension be in perfect condition. Sure, do not expect to keep up with modern BMWs (suspension design is, however, overwhelmed by today's standards).

However, unlike BMWs new separating the driver from the car with too many electronic control systems, E28 provides very good feedback on the road. Machine sends all the details - just them "read".

You will be surprised to find that inside is more space in a E28 than a E34 or E39? I do not know to explain why.

E28 BMW's reliability is above average, being only slightly after 5 Series E34 in this chapter. E34 is considered (arguably) BMW with the best reliability - E28 is still exceeded the reliability of electrical equipment (which abound in E34 and E28 are very rare).

Engines are, as almost any BMW, renowned for their reliability.

AGAINST
into dialogue yet so old (are 18 years old), is unlikely to find an E28 in perfect condition. Furthermore, thanks to laws that restricted the import of used cars, almost all E28 BMWs now legally registered in Romania entered the country before 1995, so they roll long stages on the roads and streets of poor quality in Romania. In addition, this means that it is likely that, in their long history in Romania, to be hit in the hands of owners who have dog catcher simply.

Although average purchase price of an E28 is super attractive - is around 1000 .. 2800 EUR, depending on model and condition technique - you should expect to will still cost at least 1000 EUR bring the car to a decent technical condition. Unless you are lucky the way out and got one of the rare E28 appropriately groomed.

In terms of equipment and features, the E28 is a Spartan car, even primitive compared to today's standards. Air conditioning was optional. There was no pollen filter. There was no airbags or belt tensionless. ABS - available only on high-end models. No way to other electronic systems support management. However, the lack of such equipment now considered "standard" in your car is not necessarily a disadvantage: the remarkable reliability of the car is due to this very simple. In terms of passive safety, E28 chassis proved very well to protect occupants in case of impact, even without airbags. With one condition: that is not affected by rust, the critical elements conceptually takeover shock on impact.

Engines, although very reliable (especially M30) are far behind the times. Except for the M5 M88 engine, all have two valves per cylinder and classic design - from 5500 RPM to 5000 .. starting to ceiling. Reported in displacement, power output of these engines stirs ironic smiles now. In addition, consume more fuel, some even a lot of gasoline. These disadvantages inherent add wear (rarely find an engine that ran under 200,000 km).

Another major disadvantage is the E28's drag coefficient very low (0.37 .. 0.39, depending on the model). For this reason, the same engine power, top speed is significantly lower other newer models, but with better aerodynamics. For example, the speed of an E60 5 Series 525i (192 hp) is 238 km / h (drag: 0.28), while a 5-Series E28 535i (218 hp) maximum catch 225 km / h Even the E28 M5 286 HP does not exceed 245 km / h Compare with E60 530i for 231CP, which is limited electronically to 250 km / h